Southern Cross University
Mental health issues are one of the most overwhelming challenges that has been plaguing the health and well-being of the people worldwide. Efficient health care systems and programs for training mental health practitioners view supervision as a crucial component. Therefore, the field of mental health dissertation is increasingly recognizing clinical supervision as a fundamental professional ability. Nursing professionals grow their practices by spending a lot of time in reflective discussions with coworkers who are more knowledgeable and experienced and who have been trained to give clinical supervision. Clinical supervisionis a method of providing professional assistance as well as learning (Choy-Brown & Stanhope, 2018). Clinical staff members willingly engage in clinical supervision with the goal of improving skills, knowledge, and mindsets through clinical encounters (Snowdon et al., 2017). It can be summed up as improving the supervisee's skills, competence, and confidence, offering a place for reflective thinking and emotional support, helping to advance professional development, ensuring that services provided to clients are morally and competently, and adhering to existing professional and organizational standards of treatment and practice. This essay is therefore aimed at arguing that clinical supervision and reflective practice are essential to achieve positive outcomes for service users in mental health care. The following sections define the terms clinical supervision and reflective thinking followed by the discussion about the importance of clinical supervision and reflective thinking in mental health care. This is followed by the conclusion of the essay that summarises the topic.
Clinical supervision is a process of learning that is continuous and supportive that helps professionals improve, monitor, and correct their professional performance. The professional practise of supervision involves information, skills, and attitudinal components (Allan et al., 2017). Clinical supersvision was designed to provide a place for medical professionals to reflect, solve problems, and acknowledge their own performance. It differs from managerial supervision because it priorities the personal and professional growth of each employee and also helpful in providing quality care to the patients(Howard & Eddyâ€Imishue, 2020). Supervisionthat may be one-to one or in small groups, discussion that is peer-based, and assisted consultation which is team-based are few of the modes of supervision.
Reflective practice on the other hand, is a process of learning through experience with the goal of developing new self-awareness and practising through evaluation of daily practise assumptions, a crucial component in advancing one's professional growth and fulfilling requirements (Raphael et al., 2021). It is important because it aids healthcare practitioners in knowledge development, the application of knowledge to skills and strategies, and the development of a professional identity that aids patients and their families (MHC, 2019). Reflective learning needs to be grounded in a purposeful, limited, well defined, and organised learning strategy. In order to obtain insight and improve personal effectiveness, self-reflection, is defined as a key talent, entails detached and unbiased self-observation of own ideas, behaviours, prejudices, and attitudes(Kaslow & Ammirati, 2020). Clinical and non-clinical competences of clinicians are still crucial for delivering safe and efficient care.
The essentiality of clinical supervision and reflective practise is marked by the requirement of receiving high-quality care and successful outcomes, in the patients with issues of mental health. According to studies, clinical oversight and reflective practise lead to the provision of excellent services, which also improves results for patients and their families. Reflective supervision is linked to greater provider resilience and decreased burnout, which improves capacity of high-quality care delivery, according to qualitative studies (MHC, 2019).Clinical supervision and reflective practise are essential for advancing nursing essay practise, preserving standards and expertise, and enhancing the quality and safety of mental health care (O'Shea et al., 2019). Clinical supervision plays a crucial part in preserving a highly skilled staff capable of delivering evidence-based, high-quality care.
Increased care efficacy is linked to clinical supervision and reflective practise. Clinically effective care integrates process metrics and patient health outcomes and offers patients interventions that are helpful at the correct time. It entails delivering safe treatment that minimises and controls risks of damage through special emphasis on the patient while creating effective interventionsaligned to requirements. Snowdon et al. (2017) found that clinical supervision improved patient health outcomes, including neurological recovery following cardiac surgery as well as the severity of pathological symptoms. The study also mentioned that mental health workers receiving CS may lessen psychological symptoms in patients with metal disorder. It is demonstrated that clinical supervision of healthcare workers, such as nurses and medical residents, is essential to enhancing their knowledge, skills, and competencies and lowering patient complications.However, there was no correlation between clinical supervision and patient experiences according to the study (Snowdon et al., 2017).
Making a welcoming and secure workplace requires clinical supervision. Rothwell et al. (2019) focused on workplace clinical and peer supervisory characteristics in a rapid evidence review study. The report found that enhancing job satisfaction and lowering stress and anxiety required good professional supervision. Additionally, it improved patient care by creating a supportive work environment along with the provision of proof that negligent oversight has negative consequences. Astudy by Austin et al. (2018) proved that ineffective monitoring fostered complaints and issues. According to the study, people in the healthcare industry experienced challenges, particularly when working under traditional supervision, attributed to constant arguments between supervisor and supervisees. It was suggested that, establishing a secure and productive work atmosphere both for patients and professionals depends on good workplace monitoring. Another research showed that, in contrast to their counterparts, nurses who got clinical supervision stayed engaged and dedicated to the organization (Beavis et al., 2021). During clinical supervision, nurses were observed to come up with fresh ideas for enhancing the psychosocial work environment and the quality of treatment. Therefore, substantiating that clinical supervision increased workplace wellbeing.
Reflective practise and clinical supervision are essential for lifelong learning and professional development. The healthcare professionals can grow, enhance, monitor, and correct their professional performance with the help of clinical supervision, which provides a helpful learning environment (Mbakaya et al., 2020). The basic goal of supervising is to minimise any purposeless activity and increase intentionality in order to maximise clinicians' competence, ensure quality control, and boost their confidence and assure better patient results (Nicol & Dosser, 2016). Reflective practise, enables healthcare workers to share their expertise, aid them in making sense of the complex situations that arise during treatment, and advance their practise and relationships with other professionals (Bray & Fotheringham, 2022). Therefore as result of their examination of their practises, nurses are better able to provide mental healthcare services. Reflective practise is viewed as playing a central role in tying theory to nursing practise, enabling a nurse to view clinical situations on different perspectives, identifying suitable learning style, and ultimately developing a higher sense of accountability and responsibility.
Nurses' decision-making is aided by clinical supervision and reflective practise. Shared decision-making places the patient's knowledge and the expert's expertise on an equal footing, which affects the interaction of the mental health practitioners with patients(Beyene et al., 2018). Sharing fresh information for creating therapeutic interventions is possible under clinical supervision. It allows for the development of a culture that fosters learning, sharing, and reflection on clinical experiences while providing healthcare, as well as improving collaborative decision-making, which is essential for the provision of high-quality healthcare (Beyene et al., 2018). Clinical supervisions are intended to enhance clinical practise by establishing forums where students can ask questions about how to perform successfully and study safe work practises, allowing them to reflect on every event and learn from it (Xu & Stahl, 2021). When creating interventions for mental health care, solving problems, validating, and enhancing practise, clinical supervision helps increase decision-making. Through reflective practise, the healthcare professionals can examine their past encounters and make sense of them. They can comprehend the aspects of their experiences and use the knowledge, evaluation, and analysis to enhance their practises. Reflecting on their actions, nurses can make choices that are respectful of patients' autonomy, dignity, and well-being (Gabrielsson & Looi, 2019). Through thought, thesesituations can be altered including uncertainty, disagreement, obscurity, and disturbance into ones that are clear, settled, coherent, and harmonious while making decisions. This enhances their performance in patient care and outcomes.
Nurses' communication and confidence are improved by clinical supervision. Clinical supervision attempts to reduce unintentional activity and increase intentionality to improve healthcare providers' competence, provide quality control, and boost confidence (Allan et al., 2017). By utilising their abilities, attitudes, knowledge, and behaviours, supervisors make sure that their supervisees develop confidence. When creating and putting into practise a healthcare intervention, it also makes sure that the demands of the patients are satisfied through interdisciplinary dialogue. In a study by Kim (2019) it was reported that, critical reflection training was a crucial tool for new nurses to develop their communication and critical thinking skills, especially when adjusting to the clinical environment. Ajarmeh et al. (2021) found that insufficient communication was linked to a rise in medical errors and a decline in healthcare professionals' trust. Hence, critical reflection is essential for analysing nursing practise and enhancing communication skills of the nurses, which have positivelyinfluence their performance and morale. This results in better healthcare outcomes of patients through the strengthening of interaction between patients and nurses.
Reflective practise and clinical supervision enhance patient recovery. ToAspeed up rehabilitation, patients visit hospitals to get mental health services. The diagnosis and treatment of mental diseases requires a high level of clinical expertise since they are complex (McCammon & Sive, 2015). Creating and putting into practise a specific intervention is essential to accelerating healing of patients. Through clinical supervision, considerable knowledge, skills, and competences is gained, which assists in the diagnosis and treatment of mental healthcare issues. The skills a nurse acquires from supervision are critical for enhancing patient recovery and welfare, which is necessary for the delivery of high-quality care (Allan et al., 2017). Due to the continual utilization of learning opportunities in the design and implementation of mental health services, which are crucial to achieving recovery, novice nurses under clinical supervision develop into specialists. Achieving "person-centered care," which is an experience marked by individualization, transparency, respect, acknowledgment, choice, and dignity in all areas without exception relating to an individual, circumstances, and relationships in healthcare, necessitates clinical supervision (HSE, 2018). Furthermore, creating a mental health therapy specific to a patient's needs requires a high level of experience, which is partially attained through professional supervision.
Utilizing the patient's and clinical data to evaluate patient outcomes after an intervention is considered reflective practise in recovery. Developing interventional and diagnostic plans based on the patient's feedback is crucial for accelerating healing. It is crucial to reflect on care practises to recognize any barriers that prevent the achievement of pleasant experiences since patient-clinician relationships affect responsiveness to care and recovery (Jones et al., 2020). In order torecognise and respond to stimulation that leads to exploration-based critical perspectives, beliefs and values, motives and presumptions that facilitate change in practise, attitude, or behaviour, clinicians must make an attempt to reflect on their routines and practises as well as their natural skills.
The aim of this essay was to demonstrate the importance of clinical supervision and reflective practise to achieve successful results for service users in mental health treatment. According to the literature and research available, clinical supervision and reflective practise were demonstrated to be crucial for providing high-quality and safe care. It was linked to increased care effectiveness;creation of welcoming and safe work environments; professional advancement and life-long learning, crucial for decision-making during healthcare, improve nurse communication and confidence, and help patients' health. Since they affect every area of care, from clinical to recovery stages, clinical supervision and reflective practise have a wide range of beneficial effects. They continue to be fundamental in defining nurses' professional practise and in providing high-quality, scientifically supported care for patients.
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